Bronze Doors of the Baptistry mediante Florence

Bronze Doors of the Baptistry mediante Florence

The Baptistery of St John the Baptist (Battistero di San Giovanni a Firenze) immediately sicuro the west of the Duomo is one of the oldest buildings sopra Florence. It is con verso Florentine Romanesque style, sometimes also described as proto renaissance. The baptistery was already completed around a century before construction of the cathedral started.

The current baptistry durante Florence was erected mostly during the late 11th and early 12th centuries. It probably replaced an older baptistry that according sicuro legend was built on the foundations of per Roman temple dedicated onesto Mars. Mars, the Roman god of war, was the colpa protector of Florence and symbolized by a lion that is still one of the symbols of the city – the Marzocco. (Donatello’s lion is con the Bargello Museum with a copy con front of the Filo Attempato.) The female deity was Vegetazione, who gave the city its name and the lily (iris) as emblem. She was incorporated into the Christian tradition by giving the cathedral the name of St Mary of the Flower.

Exact dates from the early history of the baptistery are only known from major events, or when significant payments were necessary for building and decoration rete informatica. Pope Nicholas II consecrated the baptistery sopra 1059 but it is unknown if the current building was already fully mediante use at that stage.

The baptismal font from Santa Reparata, over which the present Cattedrale was erected, was moved into the baptistry per 1128 – all Christian children born con Florence were baptized here until the 19th century. The lantern was added around 1150 but that is often enough done only years after the rest of a church was completed. The entrance porch was changed from per half-tempo to its present rectangular shape mediante 1202. Since then, the structure of the baptistry remained basically unaltered.

Architecture of the Battistero

The floor plan of the baptistry mediante Florence is a simple octagon, which was traditional for baptistries, and a small rectangular apsis on the western end. The north, east, and south sides have famous sculpted bronze doors.

The structure is sandstone but the building was clad from the beginning with white and green panile and duomo, mai pink is used.

The dome cannot be detected from the exterior. Its lower parts are covered by the external walls of the third story while the sommita is covered by verso flattened pyramidal roof of nonostante white marble slabs. Inside, the drum of the dome is formed by the lower two floors of the external walls.

On completion, the diameter of the dome was at 25.6 m the largest for any baptistery in Italy. However, the Battistero durante Pisa, constructed between 1152 esatto 1394, now is the largest baptistry sopra Italy with its dome having per diameter of 34 m and an impressive height of 55 m.

Visitors step down when entering the baptistry. The building didn’t sink through the centuries, the plaza was raised sopra the early late 13th century sicuro create a flat surface level with the surrounding streets. Leonardo da Vinci suggested raising the baptistery con one piece with pulleys to counter the sunken aspetto but nothing ever came of that preoccupazione.

The baptistry has three pairs of ceremonial bronze doors – all were originally installed on the east side facing the cathedral but moved puro make space as newer, more artistic doors were produced. The doors in use are copies – the originals are now inside the Cattedrale museum.

Pisano Doors (South)

The oldest taimi doors are now on the south entrance. These Gothic doors (1330) were made by Andrea Pisano, who was also responsible for many of the panile. These doors have 28 rectangular panels with scenes attrezzi con verso quatrefoil frame.

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